Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair or ACL repairs or reconnects the torn ACL ligament. The ACL is one of the four ligaments that stabilize the knee. The ACL is the most common of the four knee ligaments to become damaged or torn.
The anterior cruciate ligament restrains forward motion of the shin bone. In other words, it prevents the shin from going past the knee. Without it the shin and knee are unstable. In actuality, the ACL needs to be replaced rather than repaired if it is torn.
Reasons to choose ACL repair:
Length of the procedure: 1 to 2 hours
Hospital Stay: ACL repair is done arthroscopically and does not require a hospital stay.
Recovery before traveling home: Patients seeking and anterior cruciate ligament repair through medical tourism can return home within 24 to 48 hours in most cases.
When your procedure begins you will be given general anesthesia or a spinal block. The surgeon will make 2 to 3 small incisions around the knee. Saline solution is pumped in one of the incisions to expand the area and make the structures of the knee more visible. A tiny camera is inserted in another so an image of the underlying structures can be transmitted for the surgeons viewing.
The surgeon will drill small holes in the surrounding bones of the upper and lower leg. These holes will be used to anchor the ligament graft that will repair/replace the damaged ACL. The graft ligament is pulled through two of the anchor holes and secured with screws or staples. The incisions are closed with sutures or tape.
When the surgery is complete you will be moved to a recovery area to be monitored. Once you have recovered from the anesthesia you were given you will be released from care. It is best to take part in some type of professional physical therapy to ensure proper healing and full restoration of mobility. It takes between 6 to 12 weeks to return to sports and normal activities following the procedure.
Anterior cruciate ligament repair is chosen because it enables injured individuals to return to normal activity. It stabilizes the knee and prevents further injury from occurring. Studies show that close to 90% of individuals who have their ACL repair achieve favorable results.
ACL surgery is generally a safe procedure, but as with any medical procedure there are some risks. The following are the most common risks associated with ACL repair:
Any concerns you have before or after your ACL repair procedure regarding these risks and complications should be discussed with your surgeon.Contact your physician if: