Laparoscopic Hernia Repair Summary

Laparoscopic hernia repair is a procedure that is used to remove inguinal or umbilical hernias. A hernia is a portion of tissue that has bulged out of a weak spot in the abdominal wall. When a hernia is not treated it can cause nausea, pain and it can cut off oxygen to nearby internal organs.

Hernia repair is suggested when the hernia is suspected of causing medical problems or it is interfering with everyday activity. Although hernia repair is not always necessary, it is important to note that hernias do not go away on their own. As long as an emergency situation is not present a hernia can safely be repaired through laparoscopic surgery.

Length of the procedure: 1 hour

Hospital Stay: Most patents are released the same day or hospitalized for less than 48 hours when they have laparoscopic hernia repair.

Recovery before traveling home: Patients seeking laparoscopic hernia repair through medical tourism can return home within 1 to 2 days of their procedure.

Travel Tip: Although many patients are released from care the same day as their procedure it is best to plan to stay for a day or two following the procedure in case complications arise or travel is not recommended.

Procedure Details

Your surgery will begin with the administration of general anesthesia or sedative. The surgeon will then make 3 to 4 small incisions in the abdomen. The abdomen will be inflated with gas to increase visibility and operating room for the surgeon.

The surgeon will locate the hernia and separate it from the surrounding tissue. Then, they will push the hernia back through to the inside the abdominal wall. They will repair and close the weakened abdominal wall with stitches. They may also use a piece of mesh to strengthen your abdominal wall.

After the Procedure

After the procedure you will be taken to recovery. Your vitals will be monitored carefully during this time. If you are being admitted to the hospital you will be moved to a room when you have woken from the surgery and your vitals are stable.

What to expect after laparoscopic hernia repair?
  • Stitches and bandages on incision sites
  • Pain, soreness and stiffness
  • Fatigue
  • Return to activity in 1 week
  • Swelling pr pain in testicles with inguinal hernia repair

Results

The outcome laparoscopic hernia repair is usually good. If you had an umbilical hernia you may have a reoccurrence if your hernia was larger or if it was repaired without mesh. If you had an inguinal hernia reoccurrence occurs in less 3% of patients.

Risks and Complications

As is with any surgery there are risks associated with laparoscopic hernia repair surgery. The following is a list of the most common risks and complications:

  • Reaction to anesthetic or medication
  • Breathing problems
  • Post-op pneumonia
  • Heart problems
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Injury to bowel
  • Injury to large intestine
  • Return hernia
  • Testicular damage
  • Blood vessel damage
  • Organ damage
  • Incision pain
Contact your physician if any of the following occur:
  • Severe pain and or soreness
  • Bleeding
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Lightheadedness
  • Chills
  • Fever above 101 degrees
  • Pus
  • Redness of incision
  • Warmth of incision
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Testicular pain and or swelling
  • Vomiting and or nausea
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Drainage from incision is bloody, green, yellow, or foul smelling
  • Incision comes apart